Types of Employment

If you are looking at gaining employment there are various options;

  • Full-time work – employees are expected to work 35+ hours
  • Part time work – employees are expected to work 1+ hours

For both full and part time work there is a fixed minimum wage called the ‘National Living Wage’ for adults 25+ and the ‘Minimum Wage’ for adults and young people under the age of 25.

Self-employed

Individuals can set up their own business providing a service or selling goods. Receiving a wage will depend on whether your business can afford to pay you. It is often the case that new self-employed businesses are unable to claim a wage within the start-up period.

Voluntary work

You can volunteer to work for charities, organisations or businesses. This mean you would not be paid however you would be helping provide support and have the opportunity to learn new and improve current skills.

Permitted work

Is allowed if you are claiming benefits. Hours and wage allowance will depend on the current Government allowances. For more information see the following websites; Disability Rights UK and Entitled To.

Looking for Work

You will find jobs advertised in all sorts of places, such as; Job Centre Plus, Local newspaper, Shop windows, Online, Local and online job agencies to name a few.

Lots of people have a CV to send for potential jobs, you can get advice online or there are certain local agencies to help create a CV. A CV details your personal information, your education/employment history, your hobbies and interests and your strength and skills. Even if an application requires you to complete an application form instead of sending your CV you can always copy the information on CV to the application form.

When applying for jobs there are certain things you should consider, like; do I have the right set of skills the employer requires, can I travel to the place of work easily, can I work the hours required.

Looking for work can be a daunting and sometimes lengthy process, however, there is various support and help available; 

Work Coach

If you are claiming JSA or ESA (work related activity group) and you have a health condition or disability that affects your ability to work, you can get help from a Work Coach at your local Jobcentre Plus. They will do an employment assessment to find out what type of work would suit you best. They can help with work preparation, recruitment, interview coaching and even confidence building.

Access to work

The Access To Work scheme is run by the Department of Work and Pensions and can provide a grant to overcome barriers to starting or keeping a job. 

Work Choice

Work Choice can help you get and keep a job if you’re disabled and find it hard to work. It’s voluntary - you don’t have to do it. The type of support you get depends on the help you need. 

Specialist Employability Support

Specialist Employability Support provides mentoring and training to help you into work if you’re disabled and can’t use other employment programmes.

Employment rights for individuals with disabilities

You have certain rights if you have an illness or disability to protect you from potential discrimination and these rights also apply in a job interview situation, this is only if you make your potential employer aware of your illness or disability.  

The employer is only allowed to ask questions about your health or any disability if they are asking about any ‘reasonable adjustments’ you may require or to decide if you can do something which is an essential part of the job you are interviewing for.

A reasonable adjustment as part of the application and interview process may require the employer to provide documents in alternative formats such as larger font, braille or audio CD’s. In terms of reasonable adjustments to the job, this may be a specialist piece of equipment you require. Reasonable adjustments are part of the Equality Act 2010.

If your employer is aware of your illness or disability they have a duty to ensure you are appropriately supported and reasonable adjustments are made within your daily working schedule.

Further reading